The benefits and harms of mushrooms for the human body: their useful properties and contraindications for use
Among the forest gifts, you can find such specimens that are able not only to compensate for the deficiency of nutrients in the diet, but also literally can get rid of some ailments. Bring milk mushrooms benefit or harm if they are sufficiently consumed in food, all avid lovers of "quiet hunting" argue. We need to understand this issue. We offer an article describing the effect of milk mushrooms: the benefits and harms are presented not unfounded, but with a scientific substantiation of the factors of influence. And if before that there were only assumptions, not supported by facts, now you can operate with experimental calculations. If you want to know what the benefits and harms for the body of milk mushrooms are, read this material to the end. It examines salted and pickled varieties of milk mushrooms, black and white specimens, highlights the issues of their correct use for human food. Not only useful properties are presented, but also contraindications for eating.
How are milk mushrooms useful for humans?
The first thing that mushrooms are useful is that they are an excellent source of protein. Moreover, there is more of it in dried mushrooms than in meat. In terms of calcium content, mushrooms are close to prunes and raisins, vitamins PP, D in them are almost the same as in butter, and in terms of satiety and nutritional value, these gifts of nature cannot be compared with anything. In addition, most edible mushrooms are a real storehouse of trace elements useful for the body - they contain iron, molybdenum, silver, zinc, copper, cobalt. If you want to know how useful milk mushrooms are for humans, start replenishing your collection of information with the fact that this mushroom has the ability to inhibit the development of tubercle bacillus. It is used to treat kidney disease and remove stones. In psychiatric hospitals, psilocybin and psilocin, which are found in the mushroom, are used to treat patients with mental disorders, alcoholism, and memory loss.
White and black milk mushrooms: the benefits and harms of these mushrooms
Many people believe that mushrooms are poisonous and edible. But there are also conditionally edible ones. These include black milk mushrooms, the benefits and harms of which are described in more detail later on the page, and some others. Experienced mushroom pickers and professionals know about this, but beginners do not. These mushrooms are called conditionally edible because they contain poisons. And if you fry them just like that, then these poisons will remain. As a result, you can be very poisoned and even die. Conditionally edible mushrooms must be washed thoroughly and then boiled for 2-3 hours. Only then will all the poisons disappear and you will not be poisoned.
White milk mushrooms bring benefits and harms depending on the quality of their processing. It must be remembered that all mushrooms deteriorate very quickly, so you should sort them out and peel them immediately upon arriving home from the forest and immediately start cooking. Experts say that you need to boil mushrooms no later than 3-4 hours after picking them. The first step is to wipe the mushrooms with a dry cloth. Then, with a sharp knife, you should remove the darkened parts from the mushroom, and also clean the leg from the remaining dirt and dust, that is, just scrape off its top layer. If the mushrooms are heavily contaminated or wormy, it is better to put them in cold salted (2 tablespoons of salt per 1 liter) water for a couple of hours. Do not pick mushrooms near the field or highways - this is a very important rule that many mushroom pickers do not know about. Fertilizers are used in the field, which, after a while, with soil moisture, spread to the adjacent territories. For example, to the forest, if it is nearby.And mushrooms are distinguished by an increased ability to accumulate various chemicals both from the soil and from the air. And if mushrooms grow near fields or off a road with heavy traffic, they can be poisoned.
Salted and pickled milk mushrooms: benefits and harms
Salted milk mushrooms are of particular value for both healthy and sick people. It is a protein food that has a positive effect on the activity of the gastrointestinal tract. The enzymes contained in salted milk mushrooms trigger the mechanisms of vascular cleansing, have anti-sclerotic and anti-inflammatory effects. In order for salted milk mushrooms to give benefit, and not harm, it is necessary to ferment them correctly. To do this, you need to rinse and cut them. Then you should put the milk mushrooms in salt water (1 glass of salt for 10 liters) and press down with a load on top. Soak for 5 days. In order for the milk mushrooms to give off bitterness, salt water should be changed every day for a new one. After 5 days, take an enamel pan, place currant leaves on the bottom and lay out the soaked milk mushrooms in layers. From above, the milk mushrooms are completely covered with currant leaves and poured with saline solution (1 glass of salt per 3 liters of water). Put the load again and leave for 1 month in a dark cool place. Instead of currant leaves, you can also use oak leaves, only you need to soak for 40 days.
The readiness of the milk mushrooms can be understood by the pleasant freshly sour aroma.
The benefits and harms of pickled milk mushrooms depend on the way the product is eaten. To obtain a health-improving effect, salted milk mushrooms should be consumed 200-300 g 2-3 times a week. In order for salted milk mushrooms to be better absorbed, they need to be mixed with vegetable oil and pea puree. This will require a minimum of effort on the digestive system. Onions can be used instead of peas. It is cut into rings, crumpled with a mortar to let the juice flow. Then pour vegetable oil and add 9% table vinegar (3 parts oil 1 part vinegar). You can also add 1-2 cloves of garlic.
Why are milk mushrooms useful for men
The most important thing that milk mushrooms are useful for for men is their use for the prevention of diabetes mellitus. They have a very low glycemic index - 10. This means that mushrooms do not dramatically increase blood glucose levels and do not overload the pancreas. Milk mushrooms and other mushrooms can help you lose weight. Because they are low in calories - 17–25 kcal per 100 g. And mushrooms take a long time to digest, due to which they create a feeling of satiety for a long time. You shouldn't eat mushrooms for breakfast. Because they are quite heavy food, they are difficult to digest. In addition, mushrooms contain a lot of tryptophan, which has a hypnotic effect. Mushrooms are healthier to eat for lunch or dinner. Mushrooms improve the functioning of the nervous system. Mushrooms contain B vitamins, which are essential for a normal nervous system. Since ancient times, slightly fried milk mushrooms have been used in the treatment of urolithiasis and tuberculosis.
Useful properties of white and black mushrooms and contraindications
The beneficial properties of mushrooms do not end there, since the culture is widely used in folk medicine. Few people know that medicinal mushrooms, including porcini mushrooms with their beneficial properties, are a powerful shield against cancer and other serious diseases, since they:
- significantly increase the effectiveness of the treatment of oncological diseases of various forms and degrees of severity;
- inhibit the growth of malignant tumors;
- reduce the size of the tumor;
- prevent the formation of metastases;
- weaken the side effects of radiation and chemotherapy;
- effective in benign (myoma, fibroma, mastopathy, prostate adenoma) neoplasms;
- indispensable in the treatment of hypertension, coronary heart disease, arrhythmias, stroke (in acute and chronic disorders of cerebral circulation), heart attack (pre- and post-infarction state), varicose veins, thrombophlebitis;
- have great effectiveness in liver diseases - acute and chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis (restore liver function, stimulate the regeneration of liver cells, normalize lipid metabolism in chronic hepatitis);
- effectively help with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract - peptic ulcer, gastritis, colitis, dysbiosis;
- significantly facilitate the condition and treatment of allergic and autoimmune diseases - bronchial asthma, eczema, neurodermatitis, psoriasis, rheumatism, multiple sclerosis;
- in diabetes, the deficiency of essential amino acids, macro- and microelements, vitamins is replenished; help lower blood sugar levels;
- indispensable for the suppression of hepatitis B, C, D, J, herpes, flu viruses; restore the immune status.
Studying the useful properties of black mushrooms, it should be borne in mind that they accumulate cesium radioisotopes in different ways. According to the degree of accumulation, they are divided into 3 groups. Black and common mushrooms belong to the second group. Their accumulation coefficient is from 3.4-13.8 accumulation. They are a kind of radiation accumulators. On the other hand, milk mushrooms have the ability to remove strontium from the body of a person who has received radioactive products when ingested, having a high coefficient - 3-13.8, provided that the mushrooms have not accumulated radioactive substances, but their dosimetric control must be carried out.
It has been found that dried mushrooms contain up to 30% protein.
This is more than meat. Therefore, they are called "forest meat". Dried mushrooms are almost twice as high in calories as chicken eggs and boiled sausage. Dried mushrooms contain up to 20% fiber and 15% carbohydrates. To maintain the protein balance in the body, only 100 g of boiled mushrooms per day are required. Almost all mushrooms are chemically similar to a mixture of vegetables and meat. They contain most of the minerals necessary for the normal functioning of the body, and in terms of the amount of vitamins, some types of mushrooms surpass vegetables and fruits rich in them. There is a lot of grape sugar in milk mushrooms.
Mushroom pulp contains the polysaccharide glycogen, which is found in animal tissues and is completely absent in plants. Mushrooms contain lecithin, which prevents the formation of negative cholesterol in the body; discovered enzymes that promote the breakdown of fats, fiber and glycogen. Mushrooms contain up to 60% extractive substances with specific aromatic components. These odorous substances not only stimulate appetite, but also strengthen the nervous system, stimulate metabolism. It is believed that mushrooms quickly restore physical and mental strength, are useful for anemia, inflammatory processes, diabetes, after infectious diseases, and promote wound healing. In the ancient world, truffles were referred to as means that restore youth.
Young mushrooms are superior in nutritional value to old and stagnant ones. Almost all mushrooms have anti-tumor properties. Remember that milk mushrooms have not only beneficial properties, but also contraindications: they should not be eaten for chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, kidneys and liver, as they are heavy food. Also, mushrooms should not be given to children under 6 years old.