Lilac-footed row (blue leg, bluefoot): when to collect, where does the blue root mushroom grow
Sometimes naturally occurring living organisms can acquire strange color variations. The leaves of some plants have a red or yellow tint. And some species of animals are capable of drastically changing color in order to adapt to their environment. It turns out that among the mushrooms there are also solitary specimens with a rather funny color. For example, this applies to the edible mushroom of the lilac-footed row (lepista saeva). In addition, in addition to its unusual color, it has several more Latin names. In common people, the purple-legged ryadovka is called: ryadovka blue leg, ryadovka blue leg, ryadovka two-color and mushroom blue root.
The lilac-footed mushroom is considered an edible fruiting body, although little known in the circle of mushroom pickers. These fruiting bodies got their name for the fact that they grow in rows, closely clinging to each other. Sometimes one can observe that one mushroom completely or partially covers the cap of its "comrade".
Where and When to Collect Blue Root Mushroom
The ryadovka blue leg mushroom prefers to grow on alkaline soils, which are found in meadows, forest glades, in areas of abandoned farmland or on pastures throughout Russia. Look at the photo that visualizes the row of the blue leg:
This amazingly beautiful mushroom grows in large colonies, in the form of rows or, as the people often say, “witch's circles”. The bluefoot row is widespread in Russia, as well as in European countries. In addition, it is found in the forests of the Americas.
The harvesting season and active fruiting of the mushroom row of the bluefoot falls on the beginning of autumn, that is, in the month of September. Experienced mushroom pickers recommend that beginner lovers of "quiet hunting" collect these fruit bodies only in dry weather, as they become slippery and sticky during the rains. Take a look at the proposed photo of the lily-legged row, showing the conditions in which it grows and how it looks during collection:
Even in spite of the strange specific color that frightens off many, the lilac-footed row has its fans. Once having tasted it, mushroom pickers immediately join the lovers of these mushrooms. Having found rows in the forest, they will definitely collect them in their baskets. Then you can prepare a variety of delicious and aromatic dishes from them.
It is worth saying that the two-color ryadovka (we offer a photo for review) belongs to the Ryadovkov family, which has a large number of species:
crowded row, poisonous,
brindle, white petal,
gray leafy and etc.
Novice mushroom pickers are very interested in the question: where and when to collect the blue root? First of all, pay attention to the photo and description of the lilac-footed mushroom and compare it with the photo and description of the blue root mushroom.
As you can see, these are one and the same representative. These mushrooms grow near rivers and lakes, near cattle farms right in the grass, in meadows and pastures. The growth of these fruit bodies begins from mid-April to early June, and then continues from late August to the first frost. Sometimes mushroom pickers collect 2 crops in a few months. A photo of the blue root mushroom will help you determine what this fruiting body looks like, as well as the places that this mushroom prefers:
It is worth saying that there are inedible species among the lily-legged ryadovki, although deadly poisonous ones do not exist. The worst thing that can happen is a long-term disorder of the digestive system: diarrhea, weakness, abdominal pain and even loss of consciousness. Symptoms of poisoning can begin in as little as 30 minutes and no later than 2 hours after the mushrooms have been eaten.The illness can last from 3 days to 1 week and usually ends with recovery.
Mushroom blue root (ryadovka two-color, bluefoot): photo and description
In order to distinguish poisonous species when collecting mushrooms, we offer a photo and description of the lilac-legged row.
Latin name:Lepista saeva, Lepista personata.
Family: Ryadovkovs (Trikholomovs).
Synonyms: ryadovka bluefoot, ryadovka blue leg, mushroom blue root, ryadovka two-color.
Hat: has a diameter of 6 cm to 15 cm. Sometimes there are very huge specimens that reach up to 25 cm in diameter. The shape of the cap resembles a pillow-shaped or flat-convex one. To the touch, its surface is very smooth, with a yellowish or slightly purple tint. The spore powder is pale pink or yellowish in color.
Pulp: dense, thick at a young age, and loose at maturity. The color is gray-violet, less often it is gray or gray-brown. Often, the pulp has a pleasant fruity aroma and a sweetish flavor. The fungus is resistant to frost, its growth continues even at a temperature of -6 ° C.
Plates: The hymenophore is a lamellar type. The plates are located often and freely, have a large width, and vary in color from yellowish to cream shades.
Leg: smooth, slightly thickened at the base. A photo and description of a two-color row will help you find out the features of the leg of this fruiting body. The length can reach from 5 cm to 12 cm, with a thickness of up to 3 cm. In young specimens, the legs are covered over the entire surface with the remnants of the bedspread (flakes) and a fibrous structure is noticeable. After full ripening, the surface of the two-color ryadovka leg becomes completely smooth. Consistent with its name, it has a grayish purple or light purple hue. Sometimes it can be more blue, which is the hallmark of the lilac-footed row.
Application: is a delicacy mushroom used for all processing processes. Great for pickling, salting, drying and freezing. Looks good as a side dish for meat and fish dishes.
Edibility: the mushroom is edible and delicious.
Spreading: grows throughout Russia, preferring meadows, pastures, compost heaps and the outskirts of deciduous forests, which are dominated by such trees as ash, skupnia, birch and aspen. The mass collection of the lilac-footed row usually falls in the fall. However, the mushroom begins to bear fruit from spring to late autumn, preferring open, lighted and at the same time humid places.
Where does the lilac-footed ryadovka (two-color) grow?
Very tasty and popular among mushroom pickers - lilac-footed rowing meadow. Its name speaks for itself, because it grows in pastures and meadows. In terms of its taste and properties, this fruiting body is similar to champignons. In the marinade, the ryadovka takes on a snow-white look and amazing taste. However, experts believe that ryadovka meadow and lilac-footed are the same type of mushroom.
Where does the lilac-footed ryadovka grow and what places does it prefer to grow? Everything here will depend on soil and climatic conditions. Rows grow on all kinds of soil, and if the weather is favorable, then the yield of these fruiting bodies will be large. In addition, lilac-footed ryadovka can be found in urban forest parks, in personal plots. The mushroom is unpretentious, it would be warm and humid. It can often be seen in coniferous forests and forest plantations, which are dominated by sandy soil. They also prefer semi-sandy and humus soils. They even grow on fallen needles and rotted foliage.
The two-color ryadovka is widespread in the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere, in Kazakhstan, the Black Sea region and in the European part of the Russian Federation. But we must not forget that even edible species of ryadovka, which are collected within the city or near industrial enterprises, are much more toxic than their meadow and forest counterparts.Very often, such mushrooms are the cause of poisoning.
When to collect the lilac-legged ryadovka so that it does not overgrow and retain all the useful vitamins and properties? I would like to say that these fruiting bodies, especially those growing in the southern regions of the country, can give 2 harvests per year. The first appears in the spring and lasts until the beginning of autumn, and the second begins from the end of summer and lasts until the first frost, that is, almost until November. Under favorable weather conditions and with proper cutting of the row, mushroom pickers can collect these fruit bodies in the same place for several years. Experienced mushroom pickers, knowing such places and terms of fruiting of a two-color row, can collect from 100 to 150 kg of these mushrooms per season. Mushroom pickers love to pick it due to its dense pulp and resistance to transportation. Even having assembled the row in bags, you don't have to worry: as long as you bring it home, it will not break.
The proposed photos and descriptions of a row of blue feet will not give an opportunity for inexperienced mushroom pickers to confuse this mushroom with another inedible species.
Fruit bodies are resistant to cold, so they can be found even in late autumn and even in the month of December. But other types of mushrooms do not have this ability, except for winter mushrooms.
Tips for collecting the lilac-footed row (lepista saeva)
Experienced mushroom pickers give some useful advice to those who are going on a "quiet hunt" for the first time about collecting the lilac-legged mushroom.
- It is better to look for fruit bodies in illuminated forest glades, meadows and pastures. In the shady wilderness, these mushrooms are less common.
- Cut off the lower part of the leg while still in the forest so that you spend less time cleaning at home.
- Never try raw mushrooms, as edible mushrooms can be easily confused with poisonous species.
- Aging specimens of rows of blue feet must be properly cleaned before use: remove the lower spore-bearing layer of the cap, that is, the plates. The spores contained in ripe plates are not digested and can cause poisoning.
- Before heat treatment, the blue root mushroom must be soaked in cold water for 40 minutes to rid the fruit bodies of adhering dry leaves and sand. Then rinse 2 times with plenty of water, each time pouring clean.
- When soaking, add a little coarse table salt, which will rid the mushroom of worms.
- Do not use wormy and rotten specimens for food, as they can cause severe gastrointestinal disorders in a person with a weakened digestion.
In order for the purple-footed ryadovka to retain its color and aroma during boiling, cooks advise adding a pinch of citric acid to the water for boiling.