False and real chanterelles: photos of mushrooms, the main similarities and differences
Chanterelles are popular forest mushrooms, which are famous for their unique taste, aroma and ability to saturate the human body with nutrients and vitamins. However, often in the basket of mushroom pickers, along with real mushrooms, their false counterparts, which do not have useful qualities and can harm health, end up. How to distinguish false chanterelles from real ones and thereby avoid sad consequences?
Characteristic differences between false chanterelles and real ones
A characteristic difference between real chanterelles and false ones is that the former never grow as single specimens. Having found one edible mushroom in the forest, you should look around and look under the fallen leaves. Most likely, there you will find a whole family of chanterelles.
Before you understand the differences between false and real chanterelles, you should determine the potential danger of inedible species. Often, mushroom pickers throw away the entire harvested forest harvest only because several false chanterelles have fallen into their basket. However, many experts do not believe that they cause serious damage to the human body. Although in terms of taste, false chanterelles are worse than real ones, and their smell is not very pleasant, they are still classified as conditionally edible mushrooms, but not poisonous. The hardest thing that can happen when eating these fruiting bodies is a slight intestinal upset.
Many lovers of "quiet" hunting compare false and real chanterelles with red fox tails, as if sticking out of holes. The hats and legs of edible chanterelles are always one piece. The plates gradually descend to the middle of the stem, and almost the entire mushroom has the same color. The shade of the false chanterelles is brighter, and the leg is noticeably thinner.
However, the most important difference between real and false chanterelle mushrooms is the absence of signs of worminess in the first. This is due to the presence of chitinmannose in the pulp - a substance that does not allow outsiders to live in the body of the fungus and eat it. Inedible species of chanterelles are readily eaten by insects and worms.
We offer you to look at several photos of a real and a false chanterelle to see their similarities and main differences:
How to distinguish false chanterelles from real ones by their appearance
You can distinguish false chanterelles from real ones by the following external signs:
- Edible chanterelle caps have wavy edges, while false representatives have regular and even edges.
- Real mushrooms have a pleasant fruity smell, reminiscent of a peach or apricot, false ones - a rotten smell.
- Good chanterelles always grow in large groups, false ones - in single specimens.
- The original chanterelles usually grow in wet moss, grass or litter, preferring pine trees, birch, oak and beech, false ones grow on fallen decaying trunks and branches.
- When pressed, the flesh of the edible chanterelle changes color and turns red, the false chanterelle never changes its color.
- The surface of the cap of a real chanterelle is smooth and dull, the skin is difficult to separate from the pulp. In false chanterelles, the skin is easily removed, and the surface of the cap has some roughness.
- In a real chanterelle, the legs are thick and do not have a void inside, the false appearance of the fungus grows with a thin hollow leg.
The common feature between true and false chanterelles is that they grow in the same mixed or coniferous forests, preferring a temperate climate. In addition, the collection of edible chanterelles falls on the months of August-October, exactly when the false ones grow.
The photos below will help identify real and false chanterelle mushrooms.They will be especially interesting for beginner lovers of "quiet hunting". Knowing these differences, each of them will be able to collect only edible and safe chanterelles in their baskets.