How to cook honey mushrooms correctly: video recipes for cooking mushrooms for the winter in various ways
The most common types of honey agaric are called autumn, summer and meadow mushrooms. The latter do not grow on trees, but in fields, meadows, gardens and even summer cottages, forming the so-called "witch's circles". Autumn, summer, and royal mushrooms prefer old, rotten stumps. In addition, they are often found on the fallen trunks of deciduous and coniferous trees.
All types of honey mushrooms are rich in vitamin C, which strengthens the immune system, as well as vitamins E, PP and B. In addition, according to the composition of minerals and trace elements, honey mushrooms can easily replace meat and fish. Hearty and delicious mushrooms have long been the favorite gourmet delicacy.
Although mushrooms are considered one of the most popular and common mushrooms, their preparation has some nuances. These fruiting bodies need to be able to cook properly. However, the first step is to know how to properly cook mushrooms for the winter. I must say that some types of these fruit bodies are classified as conditionally edible, therefore heat treatment is mandatory for them. The outcome of the final result will depend on this important process. After all, if the cooking rules were not followed, then even the simplest dish made from honey mushrooms can upset you and your stomach.
How to properly cook mushrooms for the winter so that the preparation is tasty and safe for your family and friends? Although there are many recipes showing how to cook honey mushrooms, each has its own tricks. Everything will depend on what kind of mushrooms are taken as a basis - fresh, dried or frozen, as well as on what kind of dish you want to cook - boiled, fried, stewed or pickled. And the last point - will the blank be a semi-finished product, will it be used immediately, or will it be mothballed for the winter?
To learn how to properly cook mushrooms for the winter, consider several options.
How to cook autumn mushrooms so that they do not darken?
After the mushrooms are brought from the forest, they are preliminarily cleaned of forest debris: the grass, leaves or needles are removed from the caps, the tips of the legs are cut off and only then washed. Some housewives remove the "skirt" from the stem of the mushrooms. However, even if it remains, it does not affect the final result of the product in any way.
Knowing how to cook autumn honey mushrooms, in the end you can prepare an excellent dish. After preliminary cleansing and washing, the fruit bodies are poured with cold water and placed on the stove. Turning on the fire to a medium level, the mushrooms are allowed to boil and boiled for 20-25 minutes. A foam forms on the surface of the water, which must be constantly removed with a slotted spoon.
Some housewives note that when boiled, autumn mushrooms become darker. The question arises: how to cook mushrooms so that they do not darken? To do this, as soon as the water with the fruit bodies begins to boil, add 1 tbsp of 1 kg of mushrooms. l. salt, as well as ¼ tsp. citric acid. As soon as the mushrooms settle to the bottom of the pan, remove them with a slotted spoon and put them on a sieve or colander. The mushrooms are washed under running water and allowed to drain completely from excess liquid. Then honey mushrooms are used for those processing processes that you have conceived: frying, stewing, salting or pickling.
How to cook frozen mushrooms?
Note that the technology for preparing frozen mushrooms differs from the version with fresh mushrooms. In this case, you need to know how to cook frozen mushrooms? Having followed all the recommendations, you can be sure that the harmful substances contained in the mushrooms will be "killed".
How to cook mushrooms that have been frozen fresh? Check out the proposed recipe in order to create a delicious masterpiece and not be afraid for your health and the health of people close to you.
Before boiling frozen mushrooms, they should be defrosted. To do this, remove them from the freezer and place them in the refrigerator overnight. Boiling honey mushrooms will take you no more than 30 minutes. Pour the mushrooms with water, enter 1 tbsp. l. salt, stir and put on medium heat. Cook until they settle to the bottom of the pot. This will take about 25-30 minutes on average.
Throw the mushrooms in a colander to drain well, and proceed with the recipes that you plan to cook.
How to cook large mushrooms before frying?
Even before frying mushrooms, they need heat treatment - boiling. How to properly cook mushrooms before frying? Experts say that honey mushrooms should be boiled so that no one gets an upset stomach. Honey mushrooms have false counterparts, so you need to be careful and be able to distinguish edible mushrooms from inedible ones. Honey mushrooms that have not passed the “casting” for pickling are often used for frying: large, broken or slightly spoiled by animals. How to cook large mushrooms and how long does it take?
Note that it is better to cut large mushrooms into smaller pieces before boiling. Then all the mushrooms can be cooked together. Honey mushrooms are cleaned, washed, allowed to drain off excess liquid and boiled. Water is poured into a saucepan, allowed to boil, salt, a pinch of citric acid are added and boiled for 20-25 minutes over medium heat. Do not forget to remove the foam that forms on the surface of the water with a slotted spoon.
Then the mushrooms are laid out in a sieve and allowed to drain well. Pour into a preheated pan and fry until the liquid evaporates. If you regularly include dishes from honey agaric in your diet, you can fully provide your body with useful vitamins and microelements.
How to cook honey mushrooms for pickling and canning?
For pickling, mushrooms of the same size are chosen so that the appetizer looks beautiful on the table. But before the actual processing process, the fruit bodies must go through several stages: cleaning and boiling. Every mushroom picker knows how to properly clean mushrooms. But how to properly cook mushrooms for pickling is not all.
Therefore, we will tell you how to cook mushrooms for canning for the winter in the proposed recipe. After the initial processing, honey mushrooms are poured with water and placed on the stove. Allow to boil over medium heat and boil for 15 minutes. The water is drained, and the mushrooms are poured with new ones and allowed to boil again. Salt is added and boiled for another 20 minutes, constantly removing the foam from the surface. Take it out with a slotted spoon and distribute it on a sieve to drain excess liquid. Then honey mushrooms are prepared according to the recipe for marinating in a cold or hot way with the addition of spices and herbs.
How to cook mushrooms for freezing for the winter?
How much to cook honey mushrooms for freezing and how to do it correctly? Some housewives do not boil mushrooms at all before freezing, because they can be frozen raw. However, experience shows that boiled mushrooms take up less space in the freezer. In addition, boiled mushrooms are more credible than raw mushrooms.
Honey mushrooms cleared of contamination are washed in a large amount of water, taken out in a colander and allowed to drain. Pour in water, add a little salt and let it boil over low heat for 30 minutes. At the same time, the foam appearing on the surface is constantly removed. Then put it back in a colander, rinse and drain.
As noted, boiling mushrooms for freezing for the winter is not difficult at all. This requires enameled dishes, a colander and a slotted spoon. Some housewives change the water 2 times within 30 minutes, while honey mushrooms are boiling. Then you need to put the mushrooms in food containers or plastic bags in portions and put in the freezer. Boiled mushrooms after thawing are no longer boiled. They can be immediately fried, stewed, marinated, cooked first courses or made sauces and salads.
How to properly cook mushrooms for pickling?
Who among the lovers of mushroom dishes does not like aromatic and crispy salted mushrooms? However, before salting these mushrooms, they must undergo primary processing, and then heat. How should honey mushrooms be cooked for pickling?
Peeled and washed mushrooms are poured with cold water and put on fire. Let it boil, add a little salt and cook for 30 minutes, removing the foam from the surface. Then honey mushrooms are taken out and laid out on a sieve so that all the liquid is glass. Further actions depend on how you want to pickle the mushrooms.
How to cook dried mushrooms mushrooms?
Novice housewives ask if it is possible to cook dried mushrooms and how is it done? Dried mushrooms should be well washed from debris and soaked in water. In this state, they are left overnight. Some people change the water in the mushrooms 2-3 times. In the morning, the water is drained, poured with new, put on a slow fire and allowed to boil for 30-40 minutes. Foam will appear on the surface, so it will need to be removed. Then the mushrooms are drained and discarded in a colander. It is not recommended to pour out the drained mushroom broth, it is perfect for making soups. Any mushroom dish can be prepared from boiled dried honey mushrooms.
We offer you to watch a video on how to cook honey mushrooms correctly for the further preparation of mushroom dishes:
How to cook mushrooms with onions
If you doubt the quality of the collected mushrooms, then boil them with onions. It is very important to subject the collected mushrooms to proper heat treatment, since the safety of the future dish will depend on this. Indeed, in addition to useful and nutritious substances, honey mushrooms tend to absorb radiation from the environment, including salts of heavy metals. That is why mushroom pickers should know that picking mushrooms near industrial complexes or highways is highly discouraged.
How to cook honey mushrooms with onions in order to protect yourself and your family from the serious consequences of poisoning? After the initial cleaning, the mushrooms are washed in a large amount of water to rid them of sand, earth and insect eggs. Throw in a colander, let it drain a little, pour in a new portion of water and put on fire.
As soon as the water gets hot, the peeled and halved onion should be thrown into the mushrooms. If suddenly there were poisonous representatives in the mushrooms, then the onion will turn blue. However, many mushroom pickers believe that this is not an indicator, because the mushrooms themselves contain enzymes that can affect the color of the vegetable.
If you nevertheless decide to determine the edibility of mushrooms with the help of onions, and it turns blue, then it is better to throw out the mushrooms and not risk the health of your household.
How to cook meadow and summer mushrooms correctly
Meadow mushrooms are usually small in size, and taste well combined with fried potatoes. However, in order to prepare this delicious dish, you first need to know how to pre-cook meadow mushrooms.
Peel the mushrooms, cut off most of the legs, rinse under the tap. Cover with water, bring to a boil and cook for 20 minutes. Drain the liquid, pour in a new one and let it boil again. Add a small whole onion, allspice and bay leaf, continue to cook over medium heat for another 15 minutes. Drain the water, put the mushrooms on a sieve and leave for 20 minutes to remove all excess water. Only after that, start frying in vegetable or butter.
Summer mushrooms grow in the forest in small groups, are small in size. Therefore, boiling them will not take too long. How to cook summer mushrooms correctly, and what dishes can you cook from them?
After the summer mushrooms are cleaned and rinsed under the tap, they are placed in boiling water and slightly salted. The cooking time for summer mushrooms will be no more than 20 minutes. They are laid out in a colander, washed and allowed to drain. Then honey mushrooms can be added to salads, fry with potatoes, cook soup. Summer mushrooms are well suited for pickling and pickling for the winter.
How to cook royal and forest hemp mushrooms correctly
Royal mushrooms abroad are considered inedible mushrooms. In our country, they are classified as category IV and are considered conditionally edible. Therefore, many are interested in the question: how to cook royal mushrooms correctly and how long does it take for these fruiting bodies?
It is worth saying that royal mushrooms are fully consistent with their name and are large in size. For example, the diameter of the cap of these fruit bodies varies from 15 to 22 cm. Like any other mushroom, royal mushrooms absorb harmful substances from the environment. Therefore, the cooking time for them is increased to 40 minutes. In addition, boiling frees honey mushrooms from harmful components, makes the structure of the mushroom more delicate, soft and allows the mushroom smell to open up.
So, how should honey mushrooms of this type be cooked so that there are no problems with the stomach? Water is poured into an enamel pot and allowed to boil. Honey mushrooms cleaned of pollution and scales are introduced, salt is added at the rate of 1 tbsp. l. salt for 1 kg of mushrooms and cook for 40 minutes. When foam forms on the surface, it must be removed. After boiling, the mushrooms are allowed to drain well from excess liquid by placing them in a colander or kitchen towel. Further, you can make any dishes from royal honey mushrooms without fear of getting poisoned: pickle, salt, simmer and fry.
Hemp mushrooms are those mushrooms that grow on a tree stump. These forest fruit bodies are delicious and healthy. All kinds of mushroom dishes are prepared from them: soups, sauces, pates, caviar, julienne. However, before cooking, they undergo primary cleaning and heat treatment. How is it necessary to cook hemp mushrooms so that it does not affect the quality of the future dish?
Before boiling, fruit bodies must be cleaned of forest debris, cut off the lower part of the leg and all damaged areas, soak for 1-1.5 hours. Pour water into an enamel pot, add salt (for 2 liters of liquid, you need to take 1 tbsp. L. Salt) and put on fire. Bring to a boil and cook for 10 minutes, removing the foam. Then drain the water completely and pour in clean water, add salt and cook for another 20-25 minutes over low heat. Now, knowing how to cook forest mushrooms, you can safely start the process of cooking them.
How to cook mushrooms in a slow cooker
If your kitchen has a slow cooker, this will only speed up the process of boiling mushrooms, and your efforts will be much less. How should honey mushrooms be cooked in a slow cooker and how long does it take? First, you need to sort out the mushrooms, sort out the rotten ones, badly damaged by worms, cut off half of the legs and rinse with plenty of water.
The mushrooms are given time to glaze, and then they are laid out in a slow cooker. Pour in a little water, add salt (for 1 kg of mushrooms, 1 tsp of salt) and set the "Steam cooking" mode for 60 minutes. After the sound signal, open the lid and remove the mushrooms. Rinse under the tap and leave in a colander to drain.
Mushrooms cooked in a slow cooker are very tasty and juicy. The process is simple, even a novice cook can master it.