Boletus mushroom: photo, description of boletus species (white oak mushroom, bronze boletus and girlish boletus)

The boletus mushroom is one of the most common species of the Boletov family. Among the most common types of boletus are white oak mushroom (sometimes it is called net boletus), bronze boletus and girlish boletus. All these mushrooms have long been used for food, and nowadays they are delicacies, since the halo of their distribution has significantly decreased.

Below you will find a photo and description of the boletus mushroom, information about the places of their growth and recommendations for the use of these mushrooms in cooking.

What does bronze boletus look like

Category: edible.

Bronze boletus (Boletus aereus) hat (diameter 6-16 cm): brown or brown, often almost black. It has the shape of a hemisphere, in old mushrooms it becomes flat.

Leg (height 6-12.5 cm): lighter than the cap, occasionally reddish. It has a cylindrical shape, less often clavate or barrel-shaped, dense and hard. Tapers slightly from bottom to top.

Tubular layer: light brown or beige, turns greenish when pressed. Depending on the age of the mushroom, it can be creamy or yellowish in color. The pores are very small, rounded.

Pay attention to the photo and description of the boletus pulp: like the porcini mushroom, it is white, dense and very fleshy.

When it grows: from late May to early October in Europe and North America.

Where can I find: in deciduous warm forests (oak, beech, hornbeam).

Eating: possesses excellent taste in any form - boiled, fried, dried, salted.

Application in traditional medicine: does not apply.

Other names: dark bronze porcini mushroom, copper porcini mushroom, hornbeam porcini mushroom, chestnut porcini mushroom, oak mushroom, oak mushroom. How the boletus of this species looks like can be judged by its French name: in France, in addition to the traditional “aching bronze” mushroom, it has a name that has recently been banned in European literature - “head of a negro” (tete de negre).

According to the description, the mushroom boletus is similar tobile fungus (Tylopilus felleus), but its tubular layer has a pinkish tint.

Boletus mushroom girlish

Category: edible.

As seen in the photo, mushroom boletus girlish (Boletus appendiculatus) has a hat with a diameter of 7-18 cm. Its color is brownish-golden, less often with a reddish tint, almost flat, sometimes slightly convex in the center. The edges are usually slightly curved inward.

Leg (height 8-16 cm): lighter than the cap, along the entire length with a yellowish mesh, which is practically absent in old mushrooms. The lower part is strongly pointed.

Tubular layer: bright yellow.

Pay attention to the photo of boletus pulp: it is lemon-colored, when pressed or at the cut site, it turns a little blue. Very dense. Has a pleasant aroma.

Doubles: semi-white mushroom (Boletus impolitus), rooted boletus (Boletus radicans) and inedible (Boletus calopus). A raw semi-white mushroom smells sharply of carbolic acid. The stem of the rooting boletus is thicker, and the cap is noticeably lighter or paler. The inedible boletus can be easily distinguished by the bright coloration of the leg.

When it grows: from late June to mid-October in southern Europe.

Where can I find: usually in mixed forests. Prefers neighborhood with oaks and beeches.

Eating: according to mushroom pickers, it is inferior in taste to porcini mushroom, but still good for food.

Application in traditional medicine: does not apply.

Other names: rooted boletus, boletus is reddish, brown-yellow aches.

White oak mushroom (net) and its photo

Category: edible.

Hat of the netted boletus (Boletus reticulatus) (diameter 7-25 cm): from yellow to brownish brown. In young mushrooms, it is hemispherical, becoming convex over time. Velvety to the touch.

Leg (height 3-11 cm): yellowish or light brown, lighter than the cap, usually with a network of small veins, but in young mushrooms it can be almost smooth. Tapering from bottom to top, thick, dense and fleshy.

The photo of the white oak mushroom shows that its tubular layer changes color depending on the age of the mushroom from white to greenish or olive. The pores are large and rounded.

Pulp: white, firm and very fleshy, with a sweet nutty flavor.

Doubles: edible representatives of the Boletovye family and the gall fungus (Tylopilus felleus), which has a dark mesh on the leg, as well as a pinkish tubular layer.

When it grows: from late May to mid-autumn in the Krasnodar Territory and the neighboring republics of Russia, as well as in the countries of the Eurasian continent with a temperate climate. Less common in North America and North Africa.

Where can I find: on alkaline soils of deciduous forests, most often next to beeches or chestnuts, and from mushrooms - with granite-footed oak tree.

Eating: in almost any form - boiled, fried, dried or salted.

Application in traditional medicine: does not apply.

Other names: white oak mushroom, white summer mushroom, boletus net.