Are there mushrooms in October in the Moscow region, in which forests they are collected

In October, in the Moscow region, mushrooms can be harvested in almost the same volume as in August-September. Even the first autumn frosts do not prevent lovers of "quiet hunting" from bringing in whole baskets of late autumn honey agarics, talkers and white-webbed from the forest. Experienced mushroom pickers also collect such rare mushrooms as hygrophors, panelelluses and ringed caps in October.

The October landscapes are impressive with an extraordinary combination of green, yellow, orange and golden colors. In October, the types of growing mushrooms are highly dependent on the weather. In mild and warm weather, porcini mushrooms can grow. They are especially bright in October. In case of frost, the October mushrooms may become discolored, discolored, or their bright colors may fade. This is especially true for the rows.

So, you got the answer to the question whether there are mushrooms in the forest in October. What species can be collected during this period and what do they look like?

Edible mushrooms that grow in October

Fragrant hygrophorus (Hygrophorus agathosmus).

Habitat: damp and mossy places in coniferous forests, growing in groups.

Season: June - October.

The hat has a diameter of 3-7 cm, at first it is bell-shaped, then convex and flat. In the middle of the cap, in most cases, there is a flat tubercle, but there are specimens with a concave center. A distinctive feature of the species is the light gray or ashy color of the dry cap with a slightly darker shade in the center, as well as light plates running down the stem.

The stem is long, 4-8 cm high, 3-12 mm thick, thin, smooth, whitish-gray or creamy, with a mealy surface.

Pulp: whitish, soft, with a fragrant almond scent and sweetish taste.

The plates are rare, adherent, whitish, descending down the pedicle.

Variability. The color of the cap varies from light gray to ashy, sometimes with a beige tint, with a darker shade in the center.

Similar species. This mushroom, which grows in October, is similar in shape to the yellowish-white hygrophorus (Hygrophorus eburneus), which has a yellowish cap.

Cooking methods: fried, boiled, canned.

Edible, 4th category.

Hygrocybe red (Hygrocybe coccinea).

Small colorful hygrocybe mushrooms resemble circus colored caps. You can admire them, but collecting them is not recommended.

Habitat: grass and moss in mixed and coniferous forests, grow either in groups or singly.

Season: August - October.

The cap has a diameter of 1-4 cm, at first it is hemispherical, later it is bell-shaped and convex. A distinctive feature of the species is a grainy, bright red or crimson cap with yellow-orange zones.

The leg is 2-8 cm high, 3-9 mm thick. The upper part of the leg is reddish, the lower is yellowish or yellow-orange.

Medium frequency plates, at first cream, later yellow-orange or light red.

The pulp is fibrous, creamy at first, later light yellow, brittle, odorless.

Variability. The cap color ranges from bright red to crimson with yellow spots.

Similar species. The beautiful hygrocybe is similar in color to the cinnabar-red hygrocybe (Hygrocybe miniata), which differs not in a granular, but in a smooth-fibrous cap.

Conditionally edible.

Bent Talker (Clitocybe geotropa).

Bent talkers are one of the few edible talkers. The authors tried dishes from them. They are juicy and delicious. However, we do not recommend picking these mushrooms due to the large number of similar inedible hallucinogenic species. They grow on the edges of a forest with a thick forest floor.

Habitat: mixed and coniferous forests, on forest edges, in moss, in shrubs, grow in groups or singly.

Season: July - October.

The cap is 8-10 cm in diameter, sometimes up to 12 cm, initially convex with a small flat tubercle, later depressed funnel-shaped, in young specimens with a small tubercle in the middle. A distinctive feature of the species is the conical-funnel shape of the cap with an openwork upper part, which sometimes shines through in the sun, and with thin wavy, curled edges; the color of the cap is brownish, and in the center it is light brown, and at the edges it can be dark brown.

Leg 5-10 cm high, sometimes up to 15 cm, 8-20 mm thick, of the same color with a cap or lighter, cylindrical, slightly widened at the base, fibrous, white pubescent below, brownish at the base. The length of the stem is greater than the diameter of the cap.

The pulp is thick, dense, white, later brown, has a pungent odor.

The plates are frequent, descending along the pedicle, soft, at first white, later cream or yellowish.

Variability: the color of the cap is brownish, with age it can fade to fawn, sometimes with reddish spots.

Similar edible species. The talker is bent in shape, size and color similar to funnel talker (Clitocybe gibba), but differs in the presence of a different, fruity smell, and the brownish cap has a pinkish tint.

Similar poisonous species. In color, the bent talker looks like a poisonous Clitocybe inverse, which also has drooping edges, but does not have a funnel-shaped depression in the cap.

Cooking methods: mushrooms are tasty and fragrant in taste, they are fried, boiled, pickled, with preliminary boiling for about 20 minutes, but there are similar poisonous species.

Edible, 3rd (young) and 4th category.

Tuberous white web, or bulbous (Leucocortinarius bulbiger).

White webcaps differ from all other cobwebs in their unusually beautiful appearance. They look like fabulous Santa Clauses on one leg. White spots on the pinkish cap adorn their appearance. Small groups of these mushrooms can be found at the edges of spruce and mixed forests.

Habitat: pine and mixed with birch forests, on the forest floor, grow in groups or singly. A rare species, listed in the regional Red Data Books, status - 3R.

Season: August - October.

The hat has a diameter of 3-10 cm, at first it is hemispherical, later it is convexly prostrate. A distinctive feature of the species is the unusual color of the cap: yellowish or pinkish-yellowish with white or cream spots, similar to paint smears, as well as a light leg with whitish uneven remains of the bedspread.

The stem is 3-12 cm high, 6-15 mm thick, dense, even, tuberous, whitish or brownish, with flocculent fibers on the surface.

The pulp is white, under the skin of the cap is reddish, without any special taste, with a mushroom smell.

The plates are wide, sparse, at first adherent and white, later notched and creamy.

Variability. The color of the cap varies from pinkish yellow to pinkish beige.

Similar species. The tuberous white-webbed is so characteristic and individual in the color of the cap that it does not have similar species and can be easily identified.

Cooking methods: cooking, frying, salting, after preliminary boiling.

Edible, 4th category.

Ring cap (Rozites caperatus).

Ringed caps, these beauties with a delicate golden-yellowish tint and a large ring on the leg are collected only by a select few. This is no coincidence, as they look like toadstools and fly agarics. An experienced mushroom picker just needs to look at the back of the cap, see the plates of the same color as the cap, in order to distinguish them from poisonous species. Ringed caps - tasty, slightly sweetish mushrooms. You can find them near Christmas trees in a mixed forest, in bright places, on moist soils.

Habitat: deciduous and mixed forests grow in small groups.

Season: September October.

The hat has a diameter of 5-12 cm, at first it is hemispherical, later it is convexly prostrate.A distinctive feature of the species is a furrowed or wrinkled yellow-brown umbrella-shaped cap with a button-shaped tubercle in the middle, as well as a filmy light ring on the leg. The color of the cap is darker in the middle, and the edges are lighter. Young mushrooms have a light filmy blanket underneath the cap.

The leg is 5-15 cm high, 8-20 mm thick, smooth, even, according to the color of the cap or yellowish. There is a wide creamy or whitish filmy ring at the top of the stem.

The pulp is light, fleshy, dense, fibrous.

The plates are adherent, rare, yellowish.

Variability. The cap color ranges from straw yellow to tan and pinkish brown.

Similar species. The cap is ringed in color and shape, similar to the yellow or triumphal cobweb (Cortinarius triumphans), which is distinguished by the absence of a tubercle on the cap and the presence of not one ring, but several traces of the remains of the veil.

Cooking methods. Delicious mushrooms, soups are made from them, fried, canned.

Edible, 3rd and 4th categories.

Late panelus (Panellus serotinus).

Among the October mushrooms, late panelelluses are distinguished. They are not afraid of small frosts and grow until winter. Most often you can see them on stumps and fallen half-rotten trunks with moss.

Season: September - December.

The hat has an overall size of 1-10 cm, sometimes up to 15 cm. A distinctive feature of the species is the velvety, oily oyster or ear-shaped form of the fruit body in wet weather with a lateral stem, at first greenish brown, later olive yellow.

The stem is eccentric, short, 0.5-2 cm, ocher-yellow with dark scales.

The pulp inside the cap is at first white-creamy, and closer to the plates and the surface - grayish-creamy, gelatinized, with a weak delicate mushroom smell.

The plates are very frequent and thin, descending to the stem, at first white and light straw, later light brown and brown.

Variability. The color of the cap changes greatly, at first greenish-brown, later olive-yellow, gray-green and finally purple.

Similar species. Edible panelus late in shape similar to inedible astringent panellus (Panellus stypticus), which has a strong astringent taste and a yellow-brown cap.

Edibility: delicious, soft, tender, fatty mushrooms, they can be fried, cooked soups, canned.

Edible, 3rd category (early) and 4th category.

Other edible mushrooms growing in October

Also in the forests of the Moscow region in October, the following mushrooms are collected:

  • Autumn mushrooms
  • Rows
  • Yellow hedgehogs
  • Raincoats
  • Cobwebs
  • Black and aspen milk mushrooms
  • Yellow-skinned champignons
  • Non-caustic and neutral milkers
  • Flywheels
  • Common chanterelles
  • Food and yellow russula
  • Yellow-brown and common boletus.

Inedible October mushrooms

Psathyrella velutina.

Small psatirella mushrooms grow in large groups and are often invisible in the autumn forest, covered with fallen leaves. They are all inedible. They grow at the foot of hemp and trees.

Habitat: dead wood and deciduous tree stumps grow in groups.

Season: August - October.

The hat has a diameter of 4-10 cm, at first it is hemispherical, later it is convexly prostrate. A distinctive feature of the species is ocher, yellow-brown, pink-ocher, tomentose-scaly cap with a tubercle, darker - brown in the middle and fibrous pubescence along the edge.

The stem is smooth, white, fibrous-scaly, hollow, with a ring or a trace of the ring.

The pulp is faded brown, thin, crumbly, with a spicy smell.

The plates are frequent, brownish in youth, later almost black with a brown tint and with light droplets of liquid, curved, notched-accrete.

Variability. The color of the cap can vary from reddish to buffy.

Similar species. Psatirella velvety in shape similar to spherical psatirella (Psathyrella piluliformis), which has a dark gray-brown cap and does not have a fringed veil around the edge.

Inedible.

Psatirella pygmaea (Psathyrella pygmaea).

Habitat: deciduous and mixed forests, on rotten deciduous wood, grows in large groups.

Season: June - October.

The hat has a diameter of 5-20 mm, at first it is bell-shaped, then convex. A distinctive feature of the species is a pale beige or light brown cap with a blunt tubercle and a ribbed, lighter and whitish edge. The surface of the cap is smooth, matte.

The leg has a height of 1-3 cm and a thickness of 1-3 mm, cylindrical, often curved-flattened, hollow inside, with a powdery bloom, white-cream or cream, pubescent at the base.

The pulp is brittle, whitish, without a characteristic smell and taste.

Plates are frequent, adherent, at first whitish, later cream or beige, lighter to the edge of the cap, later brownish-brown.

Variability. The color of the cap can vary considerably from pale beige to light brown and light straw to reddish brown and ocher brown.

Similar species. Psatirella dwarf is similar in size to small spherical psatirella (Psathyrella piluliformis), which is distinguished by a convex and round shape of a cap and a white, smooth leg, hollow inside.

Inedible.

Mycena inclinata.

Mycenae growing on stumps in October can occupy large areas until the first frost, after which they become translucent and discolored.

Habitat: stumps and rotting trunks in mixed and deciduous forests, grow in large groups.

Season: July - November.

The cap has a diameter of 1-2.5 cm, fragile, at first bell-shaped with a sharp crown, later ovoid or bell-shaped with a round crown. A distinctive feature of the species is the light nut or cream color of the cap with a small brownish tubercle. The surface of the cap is covered with thin radial grooves, and the edges are uneven and often even jagged.

The leg is long and thin, 3-8 cm high, 1-2 mm thick, cylindrical, smooth in the upper part, and covered with a mealy bloom below. The color of the stem is uniform: first cream, later light brown and brown.

The flesh is thin, white, has a strong musty smell, and the taste is rancid and pungent.

The plates are sparse and not wide, whitish or creamy. With age, the plates at the ends of the cap acquire a brownish tint.

Variability: the color of the cap varies from light hazel and cream to yellowish. The leg is light at first. The plates are whitish or cream at first, later they become pinkish-lilac or yellowish.

Similar species. Mycenae oblique in shape and color are similar to thin-cap mycenae (Mycena leptocephala), which are distinguished by the smell of chlorinated water in the pulp.

They are inedible because the musty smell is not softened even with prolonged boiling.

Ash mycena (Mycena cinerella).

Habitat: stumps and rotting trunks in mixed and deciduous forests, grow in large groups.

Season: July - November.

The cap has a diameter of 1-3 cm, fragile, at first bell-shaped with a sharp crown, later ovoid or bell-shaped with a round crown. In young specimens, the edge of the cap is serrated, in mature mushrooms it is smoothed. A distinctive feature of the species is a whitish bell-shaped cap with a top that has a darker shade. The surface of the cap has radial grooves at the bottom of the plates.

The leg is long and thin, 3-8 cm in height, 1-3 mm in thickness, cylindrical, smooth in the upper part, and covered with a mealy bloom below. In young specimens, the leg is light, uniform, whitish; in mature specimens, the lower part of the leg has a brownish tint. The leg is hollow inside.

The pulp is thin, whitish, without a special smell.

The plates are sparse and not wide, whitish or creamy. With age, the plates at the ends of the cap acquire a brownish tint.

Variability: the color of the cap varies from whitish to ashy, creamy, creamy-yellowish.

Similar species. Mycena ashy in shape and color is similar to mycena milky (Mycena galopus), which is distinguished by a darker brownish leg.

Inedible because they are tasteless.

Collybia brownish (Collybia tenacella).

Habitat: coniferous forests, on the forest floor, next to cones, grow in groups.

Season: August - October.

The hat has a diameter of 1-3 cm, initially convex, later flat. A distinctive feature of the species is an almost flat, thin and fragile brownish cap with a small depression in the center and around it with a small ridge of a darker shade. There may be no depression, but only a small tubercle.

The leg is thin and long, 2-8 cm high and 2-5 mm thick, even, cylindrical, the same color as the cap, or slightly lighter. The base of the peduncle ends with a long root appendage with a velvety surface.

The pulp is thin, odorless, bitter in taste.

The plates are whitish and creamy at first, frequent and thin, adherent to the stem, later yellowish.

Variability: the color of the cap varies from light brown and hazel to dark brown.

Similar species. Kollibia brown can be confused with the edible meadow nonnewood (Marasmius oreades), which is similar in color and size, but has a bell-shaped cap with a central bulge and smells like hay.

Inedible due to the bitter taste, which is not completely eliminated even with prolonged cooking.

Macrocystidia cucumber (Macrocystidia cucumis).

A small fungus macrocystidia resembles a small colibia or a round mycene in shape. These colorfully colored mushrooms can often be found on tree stumps in September.

Habitat: near vegetable gardens, pastures, in gardens and parks, on manured lands, they grow in groups.

Season: July - October.

The hat has a size of 3 to 5 cm, at first it is hemispherical, then convex or bell-shaped and then flat. A distinctive feature of the species is a brown-red or brown-brown velvety cap with a tubercle and light yellow edges.

The leg is 3-7 cm high, 2-4 mm thick, velvety, light brown above, dark brown or black-brown below.

The pulp is firm, whitish-creamy, with a slight odor.

Plates of medium frequency, notched-attached, at first light cream, later cream and brownish.

Inedible.

Shoe Collybia (Collybia peronatus).

Colibies grow mainly on tree roots and on forest floor. October colibies are among the fallen leaves and are poorly noticeable.

Habitat: mixed and coniferous forests, on forest floor, in moss, on rotting wood, stumps and roots, grow in groups.

Season: June - October.

The hat has a diameter of 3-6 cm, at first it is hemispherical or convex with a curved edge, then convex-outstretched with a small flat tubercle, matte in dry weather. The first distinctive feature of the species is the creamy pink color of the cap, with a darker pinkish-red zone in the middle and a brownish edge with fine fringes or teeth.

Leg 3-7 cm high, 3-6 mm thick, cylindrical, widened near the base, hollow inside, of the same color as the cap or lighter, with a felt coating. The second distinctive feature of the species is the special structure of the leg. It contains two parts - the upper hollow light brown and the lower one - wider and dark brown, which is like a shoe for the leg. These parts may or may not be separated by a thin light strip.

The pulp is thin, dense, yellowish, without a special smell, but with a burning taste.

The plates are of medium frequency, weakly adherent or loose, narrow, frequent, then reddish, pink-brown, yellow-brown with a lilac tint.

Variability: the color of the cap is variable depending on the maturity of the mushroom, the month and the humidity of the season - gray-brown, pinkish-brown, pinkish-red with a darker, usually brown middle. The edges may be slightly lighter in color and have a small fringe, but there may be a different pinkish-brownish color and also with a fringe that looks like teeth.

Similar species. The view is very characteristic and easily distinguishable from others.

Inedible due to pungent and pungent taste.